"Mesothelioma" is the term implemented to describe a cancerous tumor that entails the mesothelial cells of an organ. Mesothelial cells are cells that form a protective lining more than the lungs, heart and abdominal organs. The most prevalent type of mesothelioma is pleural mesothelioma. The pleura is a thin membrane identified amongst the lungs and the chest cavity. It delivers a lubricated surface so that the lungs do not rub and chafe against the chest walls.
What causes it?
Virtually all situations of mesothelioma are associated to inhaling of asbestos fibers. There are about 3,000 situations per year (mainly males more than the age of 40) and there will be about 300,000 situations before 2030. Mesothelioma generally spreads rapidly through the mesothelial cells to the heart and abdominal organs. The life span is generally 24 months right after diagnosis, but it depends on what stage the cancer is detected, the wellness of the patient and other aspects.
Although asbestos exposure causes mesothelioma, it has a latency period right after exposure that could last 15 to 50 years. This means that somebody who worked in a factory with asbestos 40 years ago could be producing mesothelioma now. Everyone who knows they had been exposed to loose asbestos fibers need to be tested frequently for mesothelioma.
The onset of mesothelioma is generally particularly slow. The first symptom is a continual pain in the chest. This pain is later accompanies by difficulty breathing due to an accumulation of fluid in the chest. Other symptoms comprise of coughing, fever and weight loss. Mesothelioma can be diagnosed by your physician with a chest CT-scan.
Prognosis (the outcome)
Mesothelioma advances in four stages:
Stage I - the tumor is restricted to the area of the lining of the lung and generally restricted to only one particular side of the chest.
Stage II - the tumor extends to other organs inside the chest cavity, such as the heart or lymph nodes in the chest.
Stage III - the tumor expands to the other side of the chest or it spreads into the abdominal organs. The lymph nodes outside the chest are affected.
Stage IV -the cancer spreads to completely different parts of the physique far outside the chest area (liver, brain, bone, etc...).
Mesothelioma is an highly deadly disease. The typical survival time is about one particular year from date of diagnosis. About 20% of patients who locate their cancer early and treat it aggressively will reach the 5-year mark.
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